Contrary to a popularly held misconception, Denver is not located in the Rocky Mountains. The center of the city is at least 15 miles away from the big peaks and deep valleys and is actually located on the broad plains that slope gently all the way to the middle of the United States. But with the Rockies just a hop, skip, and jump away, heading for the mountains is easily accomplished.
Denver was formally established in the middle of the 19th century, and the railroads came to town in the 1870s. Although the first transcontinental railroad bypassed Denver by going through Wyoming, businessmen in Denver quickly built their own railroad to connect the city with the transcontinental route at Cheyenne, Wyoming. This connection allowed Denver to grow and prosper as part of the settlement of the western United States. When gold and silver were discovered in the Colorado mountains, more railroads were built from Denver south and west to get the miners in and the precious metals out. Denver continued to grow into one of the largest cities between the Mississipi and the west coast.
Today Denver is the capital of Colorado and is home to the State Capitol, which houses the state Senate and House of Representatives along with the Office of the Governor. The dome of the capitol is covered in real 24K gold, and the elevation (5,280 feet above sea level) of one of the steps of the building gives Denver its nickname of The Mile High City. Being a mile high and also being located out on the high plains makes for a relatively dry climate, with only about 15 inches of equivalent rainfall per year. Denver boasts of having an average of 300 days of sunshine per year.
Denver is both a city and a county and has a population of more than 630,000. Denver is part of a greater metropolitan area consisting of nearly 30 cities and municipalities — with a combined population of over 2.7 million people. The Denver area continues to grow at a fast pace.
Denver supports a number of professional sports organizations, including the Denver Broncos (football), the Colorado Rockies (baseball), the Denver Nuggets (basketball), the Colorado Avalanche (ice hockey), and the Colorado Rapids (soccer). Denver also has the distinction of brewing more beer than any other city in the nation, with over 200 different beers brewed daily. And for those whose passion is golf, it's good to know that a golf ball flies about 10% farther in Denver than at sea level because of the thinner atmosphere at Denver's elevation.
More information about Denver can be found by visiting some of the following websites:
Colorado became the 38th state of the United States in 1876. Since it was admitted to the Union 100 years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Colorado claimed the nickname The Centennial State. Colorado is the 8th largest state, with an area of over 104,000 square miles, and is the 22nd most populous, with a population of more than 5.3 million people.
The common perception that Colorado is all mountains and valleys is not correct; in fact, nearly half of Colorado consists of relatively flat terrain that is part of the high plains of the United States. This eastern "half" of the state supports agriculture and ranching of all sorts, including wheat, corn, soybeans, and livestock.
The western "half" of the state is the most well-known, since much of that area is part of the Rocky Mountains. Extending from the lower mountains immediately to the west of Denver and other front range cities to the towering peaks like Pikes Peak (14,115 feet elevation) and Mount Elbert (14,440 feet; highest point in the Rocky Mountains), the mountainous area of Colorado supports mining, tourism, and, of course, skiiing. Colorado is home to more than 20 mountain ski resorts.
Recreation possibilities in Colorado range from hobnobbing with the glitterati in Aspen to backpacking in Rocky Mountain National Park to exploring the vast vistas of the Pawnee National Grasslands. Colorado is home to three National Forests, four National Parks, eight National Monuments, three National Historic Areas, forty-two State Parks, more than three hundred State Wildlife Areas, and countless county and city Open Space Areas. Mountain resorts include Aspen, Glenwood Springs, Telluride, Steamboat Springs, Breckenridge, Vail, and more. And while skiing, snow boarding, and snow mobiling are the prime winter activities in those resorts, spring, summer, and fall offer hiking, biking, bungee jumping, and zip lines. Fun goes on year-round, non-stop.
For more sedate entertainment, the close-to-Denver towns of Black Hawk and Central City offer Las Vegas-style casinos in a beautiful mountain setting — about an hour away from Denver by bus. Visit the Hotel de Paris in Georgetown, take a drive on the highest paved road in North America on Mount Evans, tour a gold mill in Idaho Springs, or attend the opera in Central City.
In Colorado, visitors can ride on ten tourist railroads, pan for gold, raft down a river, ski down a mountain, climb up a mountain (53 peaks higher than 14,000 feet), try their luck in a casino, camp out under the stars, and much, much more. More information about Colorado can be found by visiting some of the following websites: